Brain injuries fall under two categories:
- Traumatic brain injuries, associated with trauma to the head or skull
- Acquired brain injuries, which occur on a cellular level and are not hereditary, congenital, or degenerative.
Even though traumatic and acquired brain injuries occur differently, both may impact the way a person thinks, feels, acts, and moves. Both types can also affect body functions and sensory perception. Each person with a brain injury is unique; physical disabilities, impaired learning, and personality changes are common. Accommodations will vary according to documentation.
- Getting Started with RCPD: Registering with Accommodations
- Disability Documentation
- MSU Disability and Reasonable Accommodation Policy
- Housing and Campus Life Accommodations
- Confidentiality and Mandatory Reporting
- Implementing Accommodations: Student, Employee
- Service Animal Policy
- Assistance Animal Policy
- Dispute resolution: in the case you experience a disagreement regarding disability determination or appropriateness of accommodations, please review this page/process
Understanding Brain Injuries
Regardless of the source of the injury, symptoms of brain injury vary in type and severity for each individual. This depends on the degree of the injury and the area of the brain that is injured. Results of a brain injury include impairment of cognitive abilities and/or physical functioning. Each part of the brain controls specific functions of the body such as vision, physical movement, speech, memory, and emotions.
Loss of consciousness may occur lasting from a few minutes to weeks (coma). A brain injury without the loss of consciousness may go initially undiagnosed with the individual encountering significant problems in their attempts to resume daily activities.
Symptoms of Cognitive Disabilities and Brain Injury may include:
Physical: speech impairments, paralysis, headaches, vision, seizure disorder, muscle spasticity
Cognitive: concentration & attention, perception, planning & organizing, written & oral communication, short- and long-term memory, judgment, sequencing, orientation
Behavioral/Emotional: fatigue, anxiety, self-esteem, restlessness & agitation, mood swings, depression, sexual dysfunction, lack of motivation, difficulty coping, self-centeredness
- Assistive Technology
- Housing & Campus Life
- Brain Injury Association of America
- Brain Injury Association of Michigan
- Brain Injury Research Center of Mount Sinai (BIRC-MS)
- Job Accommodation Network (JAN)
- MSU Counseling and Psychiatric Services
- MSU Employee Assistance Program
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
- National Resource Center for Traumatic Brain Injury
- Job Accessibility Network (JAN)
- Tower Guard
- MSU Neighborhood Student Success Collaborative (NSSC) Resources